Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1862 – Mexican troops defeat the French during an invasion of the city of Puebla, leading to modern day celebrations of Cinco de Mayo (More info)

1904 – Boston Americans pitcher Cy Young throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball (More info)

1925 – John Scopes is arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwinism (More info)

1955 – West Germany is declared fully sovereign as the Federal Republic of Germany, foreign troops leave the country and it is allowed to become a member of NATO four days later (More info)

1961 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into outer space, making a sub-orbital flight of 15 minutes (More info)

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